Supporting Details

A. Read the passage below. Then answer the questions that follow.

The climate becomes colder when the amount of dust at high altitudes in the atmosphere increases. There are several ways that dust may get into the atmosphere. Volcanic eruptions can add so much dust that sunlight is scattered back to outer space. Chimneys, especially industrial smokestacks, also throw large amounts of dust into the atmosphere. The burning of tropical forests to clear land for farming is another way the amount of airborne dust is increased. Finally, should a nuclear war ever occur, it might add so much dust to the atmosphere that it could cause a new ice age-a nuclear winter in which the climate becomes so cold that no new crops can be grown.

 1.

Value: 5
In general, the major details of this paragraph are
 
 
 
 

 2.

Value: 5
How many major details are in this passage?
 
 
 
 

 3.

Value: 5
The last major detail is introduced with the signal word
 
 
 
 

 

B. Carefully read the passage below, and then answer the questions that follow.

Many people have trouble sleeping for one reason or another. Fortunately, there are several techniques that may help with a restless night. One technique is to adhere to a consistent sleeping pattern. Keep regular sleeping hours. Avoid sleeping late in the morning, napping longer than an hour, or going to bed earlier than usual, all of which will throw you off schedule, creating even more sleep difficulties. And try to get up at the same time every day, even on weekends or days off. Another technique is to control bedtime stimuli so that things normally associated with sleep are associated only with sleep. Use your bed only for sleep (don't read or watch TV in bed.) Also, avoid ingesting substances with stimulant properties. Don't smoke cigarettes or drink beverages with alcohol or caffeine in the evening. Alcohol may cause initial drowsiness, but it has a "rebound effect" tht leaves many people wide awake in the middle of the night. Consider meditation or progressive muscle relaxation as a final technique. Either technique can be helpful, if used regularly.

 1.

Value: 5
How many major supporting details are in this passage?
 
 
 
 

 2.

Value: 5
What is the third major supporting detail in this passage?
 
 
 
 

 

C. Read the passage below. Then answer the questions that follow.

The diseases that afflict humans can be classified into a number of basic types. Infectious diseases are probably what most of us have in mind when we think of "getting sick." These are the illnesses that are caused by bacteria, viruses, and other tiny organism and that we can "catch" from another person, or from an infected animal. Examples include colds, flu, and tuberculosis. Another category is hereditary diseases, such as sickle-cell anemia, which are passed on from parent to child in the genes. A third category, degenerative diseases, includes disorders that result from aging and wear and tear on the body; one example is arthritis. Still another category, hormonal disorders, are caused by having too much or too little of certain body chemicals. Diabetes is one hormonal disease. The category of environmental diseases is becoming a matter of increasing concern. Environmental diseases-which include some allergies and lead poisoning-are caused by chemical and physical substances in air, water, and food. Finally, deficiency diseases are the type caused by a lack of certain nutrients, such as vitamins. Scurvy and pellagra are vitamin-deficiency disorders.

 1.

Value: 5
How many major supporting details are in this passage?
 
 
 
 

 2.

Value: 5
Which type of disease is caused by too much or too little of certain body chemicals?
 
 
 
 

 

D. Carefully read the passage below, and then answer the questions that follow.

Communicating your emotions and responding appropriately can be difficult, but it is helpful to view the process as involving a number of specific tasks. Your primary task is to understand the emotions you're feeling. For example, consider how you would feel if your best friend just got the promotion you wanted or if your brother, a police officer, was shot while breaking up a street riot. Try to answer the question, "Why am I feeling this way?" or "What happened to lead me to feel as I do?" Your next task is to decide, if, in fact, you want to express your emotions. In circumstances in which you have time to think before you react, ask yourself wheter you wish to communicate your emotions. Remember, it is not always wise to give vent to every feeling you have. If you decide to express your emotions, the last task is to evaluate your communication options in terms of both effectivenss and ethics (what is right or morally justified). When thinking in terms of effectiveness, consider, for example, the time and setting, the persons you want to reveal these feeling to, and the availabe methods of communication. When thinking in terms of ethics, consider the legitimacy of appeals based on emotions.

 1.

Value: 5
How many major supporting details are in this passage?
 
 
 
 

 2.

Value: 5
The final task in communicating your emotions and responding appropriately is to
 
 
 
 

To review the rules and concepts click Study Sheet.

 

 

 

 


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